Township: What is a Township and How Does it Work?
Outline of the Article
H1: What is a Township?
H2: Definition of Township
H2: Types of Township
H3: Civil Township
H3: Survey Township
H3: Residential Township
H1: Examples of Township
H2: Township in Different Countries
H3: Township in Australia
H3: Township in Canada
H3: Township in South Africa
H1: Benefits of Living in a Township
H2: Convenience and Accessibility
H2: Security and Community
H2: Lifestyle and Amenities
H1: Challenges Facing Township Development
H2: Infrastructure and Services
H2: Entrepreneurship and Economy
H2: Spatial and Social Inequality
H1: Strategies for Township Development
H2: Strategic Location and Phasing
H2: Housing Diversity and Affordability
H2: Transport Connectivity and Mobility
H1: Conclusion and FAQs What is a Township?
Definition of Township
A township is a kind of human settlement or administrative subdivision, with its meaning varying in different countries. Although the term is occasionally associated with an urban area, that tends to be an exception to the rule. In general, a township is a smaller or less developed unit of local government than a city or a town.
Types of Township
There are three main types of township that are commonly found in different parts of the world: Civil Township
A civil township is a unit of local government, usually a subdivision of a county, found in most midwestern and northeastern states of the U.S. and in most Canadian provinces. Civil townships are governed by elected officials such as trustees or supervisors, and may provide services such as road maintenance, fire protection, zoning, and parks. Survey Township
A survey township is a geographic reference used to define property location for deeds and grants as surveyed and platted by the General Land Office (GLO) in the U.S. or by the Dominion Land Survey (DLS) in Canada. Survey townships are normally six miles by six miles square, containing 36 sections of one square mile each. Survey townships are designated by their township number and range number. Residential Township
A residential township is a type of township that is designed to provide a self-contained and integrated living environment for its residents. Residential townships are usually located in the outskirts of cities or in suburban areas, where they offer a mix of housing options, commercial spaces, recreational facilities, educational institutions, and other amenities. Residential townships are also known as integrated townships, planned communities, or new towns.
Examples of Township
Township in Different Countries
Townships are found in different countries with different meanings and characteristics. Here are some examples of townships in various countries:
Township in Australia
In Australia, a township is a small town or settlement that is usually a subdivision of a county or a district. Townships are often rural or semi-rural in nature, and may have limited services and facilities. Some examples of townships in Australia are:
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Ballina, a coastal township in New South Wales that is known for its surfing beaches and fishing spots.
Balranald, a historic township in New South Wales that is located on the banks of the Murrumbidgee River and serves as a gateway to the outback.
Brunswick Heads, a seaside township in New South Wales that is popular for its bohemian vibe and natural beauty.
Glen Innes, a heritage township in New South Wales that is famous for its Celtic culture and sapphire mining.
Katoomba, a mountain township in New South Wales that is the main tourist centre of the Blue Mountains region.
Milton, a rural township in New South Wales that is renowned for its arts and crafts scene and historic buildings.
Port Fairy, a coastal township in Victoria that is one of the oldest and most charming towns in the state.
Sorrento, a seaside township in Victoria that is a popular holiday destination and the site of the first European settlement in Victoria.
Stanley, a historic township in Tasmania that is situated on a peninsula with a distinctive volcanic plug called The Nut.
Strahan, a harbour township in Tasmania that is the gateway to the World Heritage-listed Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park.
Township in Canada
In Canada, a township can refer to two different types of subdivisions: a civil township or a survey township. A civil township is a unit of local government that is usually a part of a county or a regional municipality. A civil township may have its own elected officials and provide services such as road maintenance, fire protection, zoning, and parks. A survey township is a geographic reference that is used to define property location for deeds and grants. A survey township is normally six miles by six miles square, containing 36 sections of one square mile each. A survey township is designated by its township number and range number. Some examples of townships in Canada are:
Adelaide-Metcalfe, a civil township in Ontario that is part of Middlesex County and has a population of about 3,000 people.
Armstrong, a civil township in Ontario that is part of Timiskaming District and has a population of about 1,200 people.
Bowen Island, an island municipality in British Columbia that was formerly part of Howe Sound/Queen Charlotte Islands Land District but became an independent municipality in 1999.
Cape Breton Regional Municipality, a regional municipality in Nova Scotia that was formed by the amalgamation of eight former municipalities: the city of Sydney and the towns of Glace Bay, Sydney Mines, New Waterford, North Sydney, Dominion, Louisbourg and Canso.
Lac-Sainte-Marie, a civil township in Quebec that is part of La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau Regional County Municipality and has a population of about 900 people.
Lac-Supérieur, a civil township in Quebec that is part of Les Laurentides Regional County Municipality and has a population of about 1,800 people.
Lévis (Desjardins), an urban agglomeration in Quebec that was created by the merger of the city of Lévis and 10 former municipalities: Saint-Romuald, Charny, Saint-Jean-Chrysostome, Saint-Nicolas, Saint-Étienne-de-Lauzon, Pintendre, Breakeyville, Saint-Lambert-de-Lauzon, Saint-Henri and Sainte-Hélène-de-Breakeyville.
Maple Ridge (Haney), an urban agglomeration in British Columbia that was created by the merger of the district municipality of Maple Ridge and the former village of Han ey.
Montreal (Côte-des-NeigesNotre-Dame-de-Grâce), a borough of Montreal in Quebec that was formed by the merger of the former city of Côte-des-Neiges and the former town of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce.
Toronto (Scarborough), a former city in Ontario that was amalgamated with the city of Toronto in 1998 and became one of its six boroughs.
Township in South Africa
In South Africa, a township is a term used to refer to the underdeveloped urban areas that were reserved for non-white residents during the apartheid era. Townships were usually located on the outskirts of cities or towns, and were often segregated by race and ethnicity. Townships were characterized by poor infrastructure, overcrowding, poverty, and social problems. Some examples of townships in South Africa are:
Alexandra, a township in Johannesburg that is one of the oldest and most densely populated areas in the city, with a history of resistance and struggle against apartheid.
Gugulethu, a township in Cape Town that was established in 1958 to accommodate migrant workers from the Eastern Cape province, and was the site of several anti-apartheid protests and massacres.
Khayelitsha, a township in Cape Town that is the largest and fastest-growing township in South Africa, with a population of over one million people.
Soweto, a township in Johannesburg that is the most populous urban area in South Africa, with an estimated population of over two million people. Soweto is an acronym for South Western Townships, and was the epicenter of the anti-apartheid movement.
Umlazi, a township in Durban that is the second-largest township in South Africa, with a population of over 800,000 people. Umlazi is known for its vibrant culture and music scene.
Benefits of Living in a Township
Convenience and Accessibility
One of the benefits of living in a township is that it offers convenience and accessibility to its residents. Townships are usually located near major roads, highways, railways, or airports, making it easy to commute to work, school, or other destinations. Townships also have access to public transportation systems such as buses, taxis, or trains, which are affordable and reliable. Townships also have nearby facilities such as markets, shops, banks, clinics, schools, and places of worship, which cater to the daily needs and preferences of the residents.
Security and Community
Another benefit of living in a township is that it provides security and community to its residents. Townships are often gated or fenced communities with security guards or patrols, which ensure the safety and peace of mind of the residents. Townships also have community centers or clubs where residents can socialize, participate in activities, or access services such as health care, education, or recreation. Townships also foster a sense of belonging and identity among the residents, who share common values, interests, or backgrounds.
Lifestyle and Amenities
A third benefit of living in a township is that it enhances the lifestyle and amenities of its residents. Townships are designed to offer a comfortable and quality living environment for its residents, with spacious and modern houses or apartments that suit different budgets and tastes. Townships also have various amenities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds, sports facilities, swimming pools, gyms, or spas, which promote health and wellness among the residents. Townships also have entertainment options such as cinemas, restaurants, bars, or malls, which provide fun and leisure for the residents.
Challenges Facing Township Development
Infrastructure and Services
One of the challenges facing township development is the lack or inadequacy of infrastructure and services. Townships often suffer from poor roads, water, electricity, sanitation, or waste management, which affect the quality of life and health of the residents. Townships also face challenges in providing adequate and affordable services such as education, health care, or social welfare, which affect the development and empowerment of the residents. Townships also need to upgrade and maintain their infrastructure and services to cope with the growing population and demand of the residents.
Entrepreneurship and Economy
Another challenge facing township development is the promotion of entrepreneurship and economy. Townships often have limited opportunities for employment, income generation, or business development, which affect the livelihood and prosperity of the residents. Townships also face challenges in attracting and retaining investors, entrepreneurs, or professionals, who can contribute to the economic growth and innovation of the township. Townships also need to diversify and strengthen their economic sectors, such as agriculture, manufacturing, tourism, or services, to create more jobs and wealth for the residents.
Spatial and Social Inequality
A third challenge facing township development is the reduction of spatial and social inequality. Townships often reflect the historical and contemporary patterns of segregation, discrimination, or marginalization of certain groups of people based on their race, ethnicity, class, or gender. Townships also face challenges in bridging the gap between the rich and the poor, the urban and the rural, or the formal and the informal sectors of the society. Townships also need to foster social cohesion and integration among the diverse and dynamic residents of the township.
Strategies for Township Development
Strategic Location and Phasing
One of the strategies for township development is to select a strategic location and phasing for the township. The location of the township should be based on factors such as market demand, land availability, environmental impact, or regulatory compliance. The location of the township should also be aligned with the regional or national development plans and policies. The phasing of the township should be based on factors such as financial feasibility, technical capacity, or stakeholder participation. The phasing of the township should also be flexible and adaptable to changing needs and circumstances.
Housing Diversity and Affordability
Another strategy for township development is to provide housing diversity and affordability for the residents. The housing options in the township should cater to different segments of the population, such as low-income, middle-income, or high-income groups. The housing options in the township should also offer different types of units, such as apartments, villas, or townhouses. The housing options in the township should also be affordable and accessible to the residents, by providing subsidies, loans, or rental schemes.
Transport Connectivity and Mobility
A third strategy for township development is to enhance transport connectivity and mobility for the residents. The transport system in the township should connect the township with the surrounding areas, such as the city center, the industrial zones, or the rural villages. The transport system in the township should also provide different modes of transport, such as buses, trains, cars, or bicycles. The transport system in the township should also be efficient and sustainable, by reducing congestion, pollution, or accidents.
Conclusion and FAQs
Township is a term that has different meanings and implications in different countries. In general, a township is a smaller or less developed unit of local government than a city or a town. There are three main types of township: civil township, survey township, and residential township. Townships have various benefits and challenges for their residents, such as convenience and accessibility, security and community, lifestyle and amenities, infrastructure and services, entrepreneurship and economy, and spatial and social inequality. Townships also need to adopt various strategies for their development, such as strategic location and phasing, housing diversity and affordability, and transport connectivity and mobility.
Here are some frequently asked questions about township:
What is the difference between a town and a township?
A town is a type of human settlement that is larger than a village but smaller than a city. A town usually has a defined boundary, a local government, and a degree of self-sufficiency. A township is a type of human settlement or administrative subdivision that is smaller or less developed than a town. A township usually depends on a higher level of government for some of its functions and services.
How are townships named?
Townships are named in different ways depending on their type and location. Some townships are named after their geographic features, such as rivers, lakes, mountains, or forests. Some townships are named after their founders, leaders, or historical figures. Some townships are named after their ethnic or cultural groups, such as tribes, clans, or nations. Some townships are named after their functions or purposes, such as mining, farming, or tourism.
How are townships governed?
Townships are governed by different types of authorities depending on their type and location. Some townships are governed by elected officials such as trustees or supervisors, who form a board or a council. Some townships are governed by appointed officials such as administrators or managers, who report to a higher level of government. Some townships are governed by community-based organizations such as cooperatives or associations, who represent the interests of the residents.
How are townships developed?
Townships are developed by different types of actors depending on their type and location. Some townships are developed by public agencies such as governments or municipalities, who plan and implement the development projects. Some townships are developed by private entities such as developers or investors, who finance and execute the development projects. Some townships are developed by non-governmental organizations such as charities or foundations, who support and facilitate the development projects.
How are townships evaluated?
Townships are evaluated by different types of criteria depending on their type and location. Some townships are evaluated by their economic performance, such as income, employment, or growth. Some townships are evaluated by their social impact, such as education, health, or welfare. Some townships are evaluated by their environmental quality, such as pollution, conservation, or sustainability. Some townships are evaluated by the